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North Korea’s Ruling Family: A Detailed Look at Members

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North Korea’s Ruling Family: A Detailed Look at Members

Episode 83 of KWOW took a close look at Kim Jong-Un, his brothers and his notable nephew Kim Han-Sol. But what about the other relatives? North Korea’s ruling family and their history seems more like a television series than reality. Mistresses, sibling rivalry, lavish lifestyles, kidnapped celebrities, mysterious deaths, rags to riches, and vice versa, the Kim family has got it all. What is shared here is only a small handful of eccentric, juicy details.

North Korea's Ruling Family Tree

North Korea's Ruling Family Tree

Click on the family tree for a closer look. Each member is numbered to the following information:

1. Great-grandfather of Kim Jong-Un, Kim Hyong-Jik (1884-1926) was a teacher and herbal pharmacist. He was also a Korean independence activist and Communist politician.

2. Like her husband, Kang Pan-Seok (1892-1932) was a Korean independence activist during the Japanese occupation.

3. Once his brother Kim Il-Sung’s likely successor, Kim Yong-Ju (1920-) went under house arrest in 1975 due to increasing power struggle with Kim Jong-Il. In 1993 he served as North Korea’s powerless vice president.

4. Kim Il-Sung (1912-1994) was North Korea’s communist leader from 1948 until his death in 1994. However he continues to hold a position in the office! The North Korean constitution named him the “Eternal President of the Republic.”

5. First wife of Kim Il-Sung, Kim Jong-Suk (1919-1949) was idolized as the nation’s “Female General.” Born to poor farmers and orphaned at an early age, she became a Communist activist and is said to have saved Kim Il-Sung’s life at gunpoint. They married thereafter. She died at the age of 29. Tuberculosis? During childbirth? Shot and bled to death? The official cause of her death remains a mystery.

Kim Jong Il's family portrait. From left to right (top to bottom): Sung Hye Rang (Kim Jong Il's sister-in-law), Lee NAm Ok (Sung Hye Rang's daughter), Lee Il Nam (Sung Hye Rang's son), Kim Jong Il, and Kim Jong Nam.

Kim Jong Il's family portrait. From left to right (top to bottom): Sung Hye Rang (Kim Jong Il's sister-in-law), Lee NAm Ok (Sung Hye Rang's daughter), Lee Il Nam (Sung Hye Rang's son), Kim Jong Il, and Kim Jong Nam.

6. Upon the death of his first wife, Kim Il-Sung married Kim Sung-Ae (1928-?) during the Korean War. She was vice-chairwoman of the Central Committee of the Korean Women’s Association in the 1960s, then promoted to chairwoman in the 1970s.

7. According to Lee Il-Nam (the nephew of Song Hye-Rim), the former leader Kim Il-Sung had an illegitimate son with his private nurse. The son was named Kim-Hyun and born in 1971, the same birth year as Kim Jong-Nam. Kim-Hyun’s existence remains a secret to the North Korean people and may have been executed under Kim Jong-Il’s order in 2001. To learn more about this mystery man, read the article "The Life and Execution of Kim Hyun."

8. Little is known about Kim Jong-Il’s private nurse. Read #7 for details on their hidden son Kim-Hyun.

9. Kim Il-Sung chose Kim Young-Sook (1947-), the daughter of a high-ranking military official, to marry his son Kim Jong-Il. Though the couple was estranged years before Kim Jong-Il’s death, Kim Young-Sook remained his official first wife.

10. Said to be Kim Jong-Il’s fourth wife, Kim Ok (1964-) served as his personal secretary until his death. Rumor has it she had a daughter with him. Kim Ok was a classically trained pianist.

11. Famed North Korean actress Song Hye-Rim (1937-2002) was once Kim Jong-Il’s mistress. Regardless she was five years older than he and divorced with a daughter, they lived together in secret. Suffering from mental illness and frightened by Kim Jong-Il’s temper, she later flew to Moscow for treatment. She is buried in the Troyekurovskoye cemetery, a mere 10 meters away from Stalin’s son Vasily Dzhugashvili. Her former best friend published “I Am Song Hye-Rim’s Friend,” a memoir of traumatic events she endured after she discovered Song Hye-Rim and Kim Jong-Il’s clandestine relationship.

Kim Il Sung's family portrait. From left to right: Kim Jong Il (Kim Il Sung's son), Kim Il Sung, and Kim Jong Suk (Kim Il Sung's first wife).

Kim Il Sung's family portrait. From left to right: Kim Jong Il (Kim Il Sung's son), Kim Il Sung, and Kim Jong Suk (Kim Il Sung's first wife).

12. Born in Japan but of Korean ancestry, dancer Ko Yong-Hui (1953-2004) was Kim Jong-Il’s consort. According to North Korea’s status system she would’ve been considered of low class due to her family background. Her history remains a secret to the North Korean population. With the help of propaganda she is known as “The Mother of Pyongyang.”

13. Kim Jong-Il (1941-2011) was the supreme leader of North Korea from 1994 until his death. Contrary to what is told within his country, he was born in a fishing village in Siberia, not under a double rainbow in a log cabin on Baekdu Mountain. Kim Jong-Il was a movie buff and owned 20,000 Hollywood movies. He once kidnapped South Korean director Shin Sang-Ok and his actress wife Choe Eun-Hui to produce “Pulgasari," a communist version of “Godzilla.”

14. Kim Jong-Il’s younger brother Kim Man-Il (1944-1948) was drowned in their mansion’s pool. Some speculate the then five-year-old Kim Jong-Il was responsible for the accident.

15. It’s reported that Kim Jong-Il asked his trusted sister Kim Kyong-Hui (1946-) and her husband to be senior advisors to his son Kim Jong-Un. Kim Kyong-Hui is called the “Lady Macbeth of Korea.” She operates the one and only burger shop in Pyongyang.

16. North Korean politician Jang Sung-Taek (1946-) escorted Kim Jong-Nam when he attended school in Switzerland. He serves as Vice-Chairman of the National Defense Commission and is Kim Jong-Un’s key policy advisor.

17. Kim Pyong-Il (1954-) could’ve been North Korea’s leader in place of his half-brother Kim Jong-Il. However in his early years, Kim Pyong-Il hosted parties where guests would chant “Long Live Kim Pyong-Il!” His rivalrous brother Kim Jong-Il relayed this information to their father Kim Il-Sung, who was North Korea's leader at the time. To wish longevity of anyone other than the leader was considered blasphemy. Ever since the incident Kim Pyong-Il has been in exile for thirty years and counting. He is viewed as a continued threat to the North Korean government simply for resembling his father. Rarely making public appearances, Kim Pyong-Il is currently the ambassador of North Korea to Poland. He married a former opera singer and has one son and one daughter.

18. Kim Jong-Il’s younger half-brother Kim Yong-Il (1955-2000) was a former counsel of North Korea’s Embassy in Germany. He once was an engineer, working in North Korea’s nuclear program.

19. Kim Jong-Il’s beloved daughter Kim Sul-Song (1974-) was in charge of her father’s security and schedule. A North Korean defector described her to be tall, beautiful and smart with waist-long hair, an uncommon trait of North Korean women.

20. Second wife of Kim Jong-Nam, Lee Hye-Kyung once performed with the Chosun Performing Arts Troupe and went by the name “Jang Gil Sun.” It is said she lives in Macau.

21. First wife of Kim Jong-Nam, Shin Jong-Hui (1971-) reportedly lives on the northern suburbs of Beijing. They say she is raising her husband's third wife's daughter Hyun-Kyung.

22. Kim Jong-Il’s oldest son Kim Jong-Nam (1971-) almost inherited North Korea’s current leadership. However lost his father’s favor upon being caught sneaking into Japan with a fake passport. He corresponded with journalists, publicly voicing his not-so-encouraging opinions of his half-brother Kim Jong-Un. Interestingly the two never met before. Kim Jong-Nam’s mistress So Yong-La was once a Air Koryo flight attendant.

...South Korean officials claimed to have captured a North Korean agent who’d been ordered to kill Jong Nam by staging a car accident in China. Jong Nam fled Macau, and is now thought to be in hiding in Singapore.
— The Week, 2013

23. Third wife of Kim Jong-Nam, Myung-Ra is said to be living in Macau. Her family name remains unknown at this time.

24. Youngest daughter of Kim Jong-Il, Kim Yo-Jong (1987-) became a frequent member of her father’s entourage and now serves as her brother Kim Jong-Un’s assistant.

25. Kim Jong-Un’s older brother Kim Jong-Chul (1981-) was deemed too feminine to rule the country. He was caught with a woman wearing a similar ring as he, but whether they are married remains a mystery. Brothers of a North Korean leader are traditionally exiled, but Kim Jong-Chul is free to live in North Korea and to travel outside the country. Watch KWOW episode 83 for more details on Kim Jong-Nam.

26. Kim Jong-Un (1983-) is North Korea’s current leader. His exact age is unknown as his birth year may have been revised for political reasons. While North Korean leaders have a history of concealing their wives and mistresses, Kim Jong-Un has already revealed his wife to the public. His relationship to the media is more open in comparison to his father.

Swiss-educated Kim Jong-un was apparently obsessed with professional basketball and worshipped Kobe Bryant of the LA Lakers. Friends who knew him said that he was a ‘fiercely competitive player’ even though he was also shy and awkward with girls. He was not aggressively anti-American and had photographs of himself with NBA players.
— Rundle, 2011

27. Kim Jong-Un’s wife Ri Sol-Ju (1984-) is identified as “Hyon Song-Wol,” a famed singer in the Unhasu Orchestra. To create an ideal image of the first wife, the government is trying to delete her past by confiscating bootleg CDs of her performances. Ri Sol-Ju once studied in China and attended a sports competition in South Korea. Her father is a university professor and her mother leads a gynecology unit at a hospital.

She[Ri Sol-Ju] also participated in a gathering of South and North Korean university students at Incheon City College. Ri said in an interview at that time that she was ‘deeply moved’ to see young students gather to sing songs about reunification.
— Chosun Ilbo, 2012

28. There is little known about Kim Han Sol’s sister Kim Sol-Hui (1999-).

29. Oldest son of Kim Jong-Nam, Kim Han-Sol (1995-) gave his first-ever interview with Elisabeth Rehn, the former MP of the Swedish People's Party. At the time he was 18 and shared unexpected information about himself. He expressed his desire to reunite the two Koreas and revealed he had South Korean friends. Growing up sheltered in his mother’s family he never knew his grandfather was Kim Jong-Il. Watch Kim Han-Sol's interview:

30. Kim Kum-Sol (1997-) is Kim Han-Sol's half-brother who lives in China.

31. Myung-Ra’s daughter Hyun-Kyung is reported to be living with Kim Jong-Nam’s first wife.

32. The name and gender of Kim Jong-Chul’s first child is unknown.

33. Kim Jong-Un's first child was born in the same year as the child of his older brother Kim Jong-Chul. The name and gender is unknown.

34. Thanks to Dennis Rodman leaking out a state secret, we are informed that Kim Jong-Un’s second child was born in 2013. The name is unknown, but we know it’s a girl!

Are you ready for the never-ending list of sources? If you love reading, welcome to heaven:



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29 South Korean Movies You Must Watch

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29 South Korean Movies You Must Watch

In this week's episode of KWOW, we share our favorite South Korean films. We've also included ones popular amongst the general audience. Watch the video. It's more colorful than the list :)

The movies in bold are super recommended. Please check for ratings before watching.

1. My Boyfriend is Blood Type B
2. He Was Cool
3. 100 Days with Mr. Arrogant
4. My Sassy Girl

My Sassy Girl

My Sassy Girl

6. Il Mare
7. The Good, The Bad and The Weird
8. Attack the Gas Station
9. Welcome to Dongmakgol

Welcome to Dongmakgol

Welcome to Dongmakgol

10. My Wife is a Gangster
11. Oasis (watch here for free via Viki)
12. Secret Sunshine
13. Green Fish
14. Peppermint Candy
15. Poetry

Poetry

Poetry

16. Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter and Spring
17. Time
18. Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance
19. Lady Vengeance
20. JSA: Joint Security Area

21. Old Boy
watch here for free via Hulu

Old Boy

Old Boy

22. A Bittersweet Life
23. The Chaser
24. I Saw The Devil
25. The Man from Nowhere
26. Taeguki: The Brotherhood of War
27. The King and the Clown
28. Silmido
29. Hwangjini

Hwangjini

Hwangjini



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How to Impress Korean Parents & In-Laws

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How to Impress Korean Parents & In-Laws

So you've got a Korean sweetheart and plan to meet their parents. Your dear darling will either be enthusiastic or shy about the idea. Traditionally Koreans introduce their boyfriend/girlfriend when they're in a serious relationship ("We're going to get married" status). If you're dating a native Korean, this will most likely be the case. However if you're dating a Korean American, you might meet their parents during the early stages of dating. While no two Korean parents are exactly the same, learn how you can impress them by following the general guideline presented in KWOW, episode 81:

It might seem like a lot of detail to remember, but it's actually quite simple: know your Korean culture and manners. You meet your Korean sweetheart's parents for the first time only once, so why not cease the opportunity and make an epic, lasting impression? :)

Have at least the basic Korean phrases prepared. If you're not Korean, the parents will be more forgiving of your butchered pronunciation. If you're Korean by blood, regardless of where you were raised, you'll need to be extra alert. The parents will expect you to have decent Korean manners. Your actions will be seen as a reflection of how your own Korean parents raised you. To them, meeting you is an indirect way of meeting your parents.

What if you don't know enough Korean to carry on a conversation? Your actions will speak for you. Be polite and calm, smile when appropriate and be funny if you can do so gracefully. It's better to be a little quiet than overly loud. And ladies, as the Korean mother is preparing the home-cooked meal, ask her if she needs help in the kitchen. It's an opportunity to bond and show her that you know a thing or two about Korean food!

Your clothes will also speak for you. Wear something clean, conservative and semi-casual. Avoid short skirts, baggy pants, low-cut shirts and anything that makes you appear sloppy and/or seductive. Be classy. Clean socks are a must! Do you want to gross out the parents by wearing socks from last night's sweaty basketball game? You can never go wrong with white socks... until you accidentally spill something vibrant like kimchi on them. Grey is a safe color. Black is also good, but I personally find them mysterious. Black socks might secretly be dirty and can demand too much attention on light-colored floors. Make sure your toes are neatly trimmed. What if you need to take off your socks during the visit? You never know. Be ready for all situations.

If you haven't watched KWOW episode 81, what are you waiting for? (See above.)

Be the best of yourself and hope for the best. You can't force people to like you, but with a genuine smile and peaceful attitude, you can score some mega kimchi points. Good luck and have fun! Hope you can thank me in a couple years by sending photos of you and your Korean sweetheart's first baby :)

Helpful episodes:


안녕하세요.
Ahn-nyeong-ha-seh-yo. (also: Anyonghaseyo.)
Hello (formal).
*Watch KWOW #5 for more hello & goodbye variations


Your name here 입니다.
Your name here ipnida. (will sound like "imnida")
I'm your name here.


잘 먹겠습니다.
Jal-muk-gess-seup-ni-da. (also: Jal mukeseupnida.)
I will eat well. (Say before eating)


잘 먹었습니다.
Jal-muk-uss-seup-ni-da. (also: Jal mukeosseupnida.)
I ate well. (Say after eating)


맛있어요!
Mashisuyo! (Separately the characters will sound like "mat-iss-uh-yo")
It's delicious!


어머님
uh-muh-nim (also: eomeonim)
mother (formal)
*watch KWOW #12


아버님
ah-buh-nim (also: abeonim)
father (formal)
*watch KWOW #12



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