How to Type in Korean

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How to Type in Korean

In this week's lesson, we learn how to type in Korean. For the full details with entertaining animations, watch the lesson above!

Say hello to the Korean keyboard:

It took me awhile to create these images from scratch. Hope you like it! :)

It took me awhile to create these images from scratch. Hope you like it! :)

Here's the Korean keyboard on a QWERTY keyboard:

korean keyboard QWERTY

Here's the Korean keyboard with Romanization:

korean keyboard romanized

Question is: how does one memorize all these characters? There is logic behind where they are placed.

First off, the 14 Korean consonants are on the left:

korean keyboard consonants

The five DOUBLE consonants are on the top row:

korean keyboard double consonants

To type a double consonant, you either hold SHIFT and tap on the B, J, D, G or S consonant. You can also tap on one of these consonants twice.

The bottom row is made up of ASPIRATED consonants:

korean aspirated consonants

Aspirated consonants are pronounced with a burst of air coming out of your mouth. In English, the aspirated consonants are K, T, and P. If you put your hand in front of your mouth and say these letters, you’ll feel a pop of air hit your palm. K, T, and P are also aspirated consonants in the Korean language.

All the VOWELS are on the right:

korean keyboard vowels

All these are BASIC vowels, except for the two in the top right corner. The ㅐ and ㅔ are COMBO vowels (also known as Diphthongs):

korean combo vowels

Where are these diphthongs (combo vowels)? ㅢ, ㅚ, ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅟ, ㅝ, ㅞ? Each of these combo vowels are made of two basic vowels. For example:

To create ㅢ, press ㅡ (eu) first. Then hit ㅣ (ee).

To create ㅢ, press ㅡ (eu) first. Then hit ㅣ (ee).

How to create all the diphthongs (combo vowels):

  • ㅢ = ㅡ +ㅣ
  • ㅚ = ㅗ +ㅣ
  • ㅘ = ㅗ + ㅓ
  • ㅙ = ㅗ + ㅐ
  • ㅟ = ㅜ + ㅣ
  • ㅝ = ㅜ + ㅓ
  • ㅞ = ㅜ + ㅔ

Let's try typing a word. What's the step-by-step process for writing 새 (sae)? 새 means "bird" in Korean.

Step 1: press the S consonant (ㅅ).

Step 1: press the S consonant (ㅅ).

Step 2: press the AE vowel (ㅐ).

Step 2: press the AE vowel (ㅐ).

To learn how to type words with double consonants and more, be sure to check out my lesson from 3:20.

Some questions that may arise:

  1. Should you trust Auto Correct when typing in Korean? I answer that by asking another question: do you trust Auto Correct when typing in English? Auto Correct can be helpful sometimes, but other times, it has a mind of its own!
  2. Can you just use a online keyboard that turns Romanizations into Korean? No one's stopping you, however I highly recommend learning the Korean keyboard instead of depending on technology translating Romanizations into Korean for you. It might take time to learn the Korean keyboard in the beginning, but once you master it, you'll be gaining a very useful skill! Learning how to type Korean directly will become much faster than online Romanization keyboards.

Hope you found this week's lesson fun and useful! Tune in next Wednesday on my YouTube channel for another round of KWOW :)

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How to Install Korean on your iPhone & iMac


How to Install Korean on your iPhone & iMac

How to install Korean on your iPhone:

  1. Go into your Settings > General > Keyboard > Keyboards > Add New Keyboard.
  2. Scroll down and choose your intended language. In this case, Korean.
  3. You'll be given two options: Standard versus 10-Key. The Standard version is set up like the typical Korean keyboard. The 10-Key layout is set up like the right side of PC computer keyboards. Select Standard and a blue check should appear. If you want to experiment with 10-Key, feel free to select it. I personally have only the Standard installed on my iPhone as I've never needed to use 10-Key.
  4. Hit the Done button.
  5. Congrats! You've installed Korean on your iPhone. To test it out, open up a text message or a writing app like Notes. Open up your keyboard. There should be a Globe button on the bottom left hand corner. You can either: a) hold it down, options pop up, and select Korean - 한국어, or b) tap on that Globe button until your keyboard turns Korean.
  6. Then start typing away! :)

How to install Korean on your iMac

  1. Open System Preferences > Language & Region.
  2. Under Preferred Languages, click on the + button to add a language.
  3. A window will pop open. Select 한국어 - Korean and click on the Add button.
  4. Another window will pop up asking you which language you'd like to set as your primary. Read carefully before selecting. If you accidentally select Korean, then you might have some trouble changing back to English (or your preferred primary language).
  5. You're all set! A flag should appear on the top right corner of the menu bar. You can switch back and forth between the languages now.
  6. To customize how you toggle between languages,  open Keyboard Preferences > Input Sources. I have mine set to COMMAND/SPACE. So whenever I hold down the Command button and hit the Space Bar, my keyboard would change to English or Korean.
  7. Congrats on installing Korean on your iMac! Wishing you much happy typing :)


GIVE ME MORE in Korean


GIVE ME MORE in Korean

This week's Korean word is 더 (duh), which means “more, further, and another.” Here are some examples using DUH:

소금이 더 필요하다.
Sogeumi duh pilyohada.
It needs more salt.

한가지 더 물어 봐도 될까요?
Hangaji duh mooluh bwado dwelggayo?
May I ask one more thing?

어때요? 더 드시겠어요?
Uhddeyo? Duh deushigessuhyo?
How is it? Would you like some more?

지금 몇시야? 더 이상 못 기다리겠어.
Jigeum myeosshiya? Duh esang mot gidarigessuh.
What time is it right now? I can’t wait anymore.

조금만 더 기다려 주세요.
Jogeumman duh gidaryuh juseyo.
Please wait a little more.

뭐 더 필요 하신거 있어요?
Mwo duh pilyo hashinguh issuhyo?
Is there anything else you need more of?

One of the common phrases using 더 (duh) is: 더 주세요 (duh juseyo), which means “give me more, please.” Let’s say you’re at a Korean restaurant and you’d like more kimchi:

김치 더 주세요.
Kimchi duh juseyo.
Please give me more kimchi.

Anytime you are asking for something, place a noun before 더 주세요 (duh juseyo):
___________ 더 주세요.
___________ duh juseyo.
Please give me more/another ____________.

Here are some examples:

물 더 주세요.
Mool duh juseyo.
Please give me more water.

반찬 더 주세요.
Banchan duh juseyo.
Please give me more side dishes.

밥 한 그릇 더 주세요.
Bap han geureut duh juseyo.
Please give me another bowl of rice.

If you go out to party in Korea, you’re gonna need these following phrases that use 더 (duh):

자, 한잔 더 하자!
Jah, hanjan duh haja!
Alright, have another shot!

한잔 더 하시겠어요?
Hanjan duh hashigessuhyo?
Would you like another shot?

많이 취했네. 더 이상 마시지마.
Mani chwihetneh. Duh esang mashijima.
You’re very drunk. Don’t drink any more.

에이~ 조금 만 더 마시자.
Eh-ee~ Jogeum man duh mashija.
Aw, come on~ Let’s drink just a little more.

한잔 더! 한잔 더!
Hanjan duh! Hanjan duh!
One more shot! One more shot!

더이상 못 마시겠어요.
Duhesang mot mashigessuhyo.
I don’t think I can drink any more.

Note: If you’re drinking with the company, be sure you’re using the formal language when talking to bosses and older colleagues!

Let’s say you’re asking for directions. Where is this restaurant? Am I close to my destination? People may respond something along the lines of:

좀 더 가야 돼요.
Jom duh gaya dwaeyo.
You have to go a little more.

이십 미터 더 가야 돼요.
Eship mituh duh gaya dwaeyo.
You have to go 20 more meters. (formal)

차로가면 삼십분 더 가야 돼요.
Charogamyun samshipboon duh gaya dwaeyo.
If you go by car, you’ll have to go 30 more minutes.

Here are some Korean drama-ish phrases using 더 (duh):

더 이상 못 참겠어!
Duh esang mot chamgessuh!
I can’t stand it anymore!

한번만 더 안아 주세요.
Hanbunman duh ana juseyo.
Hug me once more, please.

한번 더 물어볼게. 내 돈 어디있어?!
Hanbun duh mooluhbolggeh. Nae don uhdissuh?
I’ll ask one more time. Where is my money?!

정보가 더 필요 해요.
Jungboga duh pilyo haeyo.
I need more information.

더 이상 말하기 싫어.
Duh esang malhagi shiruh.
I don’t want to talk any more.

시간이 갈수록 더 사랑해요.
Shigani galsoorok duh saranghaeyo.
As time goes by, I love you more.

What is YOUR favorite sentence that uses 더 (duh)?

See ya next Wednesday for another Korean lesson! Subscribe to my YouTube channel if you haven't already :)