What's GAJIMA and HAJIMA?


If you're into K-POP or watch Korean dramas, the words featured on this week's KWOW will sound very familiar to you. Watch episode 55 below:

GAJIMA (가지마) means don't go. HAJIMA (하지마) means don't do, don't, or stop it, depending on the context. Whenever you hear JIMA (지마), it indicates a "don't." It is placed after a verb to make it negative.

As explained in KWOW episode 55, you make a verb negative by… 1. choosing an un-conjugated verb 2. subtracting DAH (다) 3. adding JIMA (지마)

For example, let's negate the un-conjugated verb "to cry": 울다 (ooldah) - 다 (dah) + 지마 (jima) = 울지마 (ooljima) And that's how you convert "to cry" into "don't cry."

[Taekwon's philosophy: "If you're sad, eat K-BBQ. If you're happy, eat K-BBQ."]

How do you convert "to do" into "don't do"? 하다 (hadah) - 다 (dah) + 지마 (jima) = 하지마 (hajima) Remember, HAJIMA can mean one of the following: don't do, don't, or stop it.

[Billy Jin and Madison Lee were high school un-sweethearts. There was mega drama between the two. Hyungmin, above, is Billy Jin's boyfriend's best friend.]

Shall we negate one more verb? For this final example, let's use the most important verb "to eat," which is 먹다 (mukdah) in Korean. 먹다 (mukdah) - 다 (dah) + 지마 (jima) = 먹지마 (mukjima)

[Little does Billy Jin know about Hyungmin and his new girlfriend Madison Lee. Ignorance is not always bliss, but Korean shaved ice is!]


Time to QUIZ YOURSELF! Think you can spot JIMA in the following videos?

Question #1: Where do you hear the second GAJIMA (가지마) in Big Bang's "Monster"?

Question #2: Can you spot the first GAJIMA in Hwanhee's "Don't Go"?

Question #3: When does the 5th GAJIMA appear in Monday Kiz’s “Don’t Go”?

GRAND FINALE QUESTION #4: How many GAJIMA's and OOLIJIMA's can you spot in Davichi & T-ara's "We Were in Love"?

ANSWERS BELOW. No peeking!

Answer #1: The second GAJIMA is sung at 2:53. Other GAJIMA's appear at 1:54, 3:01, 3:02, 3:03, and 3:57. In addition, HAJIMA appears at 3:05, 3:06, and 3:07.

Answer #2: The first GAJIMA is sung at 0:37.

Answer #3: The 5th GAJIMA appears at 2:05. Other GAJIMA's are sung at 0.:03, 0:04, 1:12, 1:13, 2:06, 2:58, and 2:59.

Answer #4: Think you found them all? Post your answer be below, along with a fun/random/kimbap-rific question to Professor Oh. The first *five* people to get the correct answer wins a reply from this week's KWOW host. No question, no reply. Have fun! :)

Other videos that contain gajima, hajima, and jima: GD&TOP - "Don't Go Home"T-ara - "Cry Cry" Davichi - "Don't Say Goodbye" g.o.d. - "Lies" [old school K-pop]


*** ANSWER TO QUESTION #4 REVEALED! (updated July 3) GAJIMA is sung 5 times (0:28, 1:09, 2:02, 2:44, 3:05). OOLIJIMA is sung 4 times (0:13, 0:55, 1:47, 2:41). Did you notice other previously featured KWOW words, such as JOA and SARANG? :)



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